Biography of Ashoka the Great, India's 3rd Emperor of Mauryan Empire

This is a complete guide to the Biography of Ashoka.

In this guide, you will know why King Ashoka killed his 99 brothers and became a Great Indian King in History.

So if you want to know about how he became a Great Indian King, you’ll love today’s guide.

Let’s dive into it

Biography of Ashoka

Who is Ashoka?

Biography of Ashoka

It was 261 BC, the day the most terrible war in the History of India ended, and the beautiful buildings of the kingdom were destroyed by fire.

The direction is changing with the meanings of a few thousand families. The dead bodies of millions of soldiers lay in heaps of rafts.

 However, a man steps forward from the dead bodies. He is Ashoka, the third emperor of the Mauryan Empire. This great warrior spread the Mauryan Empire to India’s margins, the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the Mauryan Empire.

Many great kings ruled India, but Ashoka had a special place among all of them.            

The symbol of the three lions, India’s national emblem, and the blue Ashoka Chakra in the center of the Indian flag are elements of Ashoka’s life.

1. Early Life of Ashoka

In 304 BC, Bindusara, the second emperor of the Mauryan Empire, gave birth to Subhadrangi, and the couple named the boy Ashoka.

 Ashoka means without sorrow.

 Ashoka started learning Martial arts from an early age.

Martial Arts

He was also very good at writing war tactics. Thoroughly studied the economics written by Chanakya.

Who is Chanakya?

Chanakya is the minister of Chandragupta Maurya, the grandfather of Ashoka; Chanakya is a great political strategist of ancient India and a philosopher.         

In this economics he wrote, he acquired an endless knowledge of politics, political strategies, effective governance, and political heights.

2. Before the Battle of Kalinga

Before the Battle of Kalinga, the evil nature was cruel. Due to the other wives of Bindusara, Ashoka’s father, Bindusara, had a total of one hundred children with Ashoka.

The eldest of all the children was Susumu. Susumu had an excellent love for Bindusara and Bindusara wanted to announce Susumu officially as his next emperor to the Mauryan Empire.

However, Susumu, the eldest of Bindusara’s sons, is legally entitled to become emperor after Bindusara’s death.

But, Bindusara’s ministers supported Ashoka by opposing Susumu as King, saying that “Susumu was behaving arrogantly and disrespectfully towards them.” Of all these, a minister named Radhagupta was more supportive of Ashoka. However, Ashoka deceitfully killed his elder brother, Susumu, by entering the pots of fire, and also killed his remaining ninety-nine brothers.

3. Ashoka, The King of Mauryan Empire

Later, in 269 BC, Ashoka has crowned the third emperor of the Mauryan Empire. Pataliputra, then the capital of the Mauryan kingdom, is the area now known as Patna.

Patna, Pataliputra, Bihar

After Ashoka became emperor, he invaded and conquered many kingdoms with his military skills and conquered them.

He expanded his kingdom from present-day Afghanistan and Persia, from the west to Bengal and Assam in the east, and Mysore in the south, almost all over the Indian subcontinent.                                                                                                But now Ashoka was about to invade the kingdom of Kalinga, which he had longed.     The coastal region of present-day Odisha was then known as the Kalinga Kingdom.


512px Odisha in India disputed hatched.svg

Reasons for the War With Kalinga Kingdom

There many reasons for the Mauryan invasion of the Kalinga kingdom. They are:

  • One is political and economic.
  • Kalinga is the most prosperous and developing country.
  • The people of that country are very chronological.
  • Kalinga was the first kingdom to travel southeast and establish trade relations with other countries.
  • Ashoka’s grandfather Chandragupta Maurya had also tried unsuccessfully to capture Kalinga.

That is why the kingdom is also called Utkala. Yet the empire’s port towns were a robust naval force, which was also a significant reason for this invasion.

4. War With Kalinga

war with Kalinga

Right now

   The situation is not like that; Kalinga has become an independent country. There is no right king for it.

Ashoka turned this childlessness into his strength. After all, he multiplied his military prowess many times over. Ashoka invaded the kingdom of Kalinga with an army of a few lakhs.

The Kalingas, however, fought back without fear but were unable to stand up to Ashoka’s military force.

 About one lakh soldiers were killed, and about one lakh and fifty thousand were left homeless towards Kalinga in this war.

 However, the Kalingas killed two lakh of Ashoka’s soldiers in the war. It ended up being the most bloody war in Indian History.

5. Ashoka's Renunciation & Buddhism

The next day after the war, Ashoka was walking along with the city when he saw piles of dead bodies scattered in rafts, and Ashoka’s ears were ringing with the cries of thousands of families.

Then he taught that “I was the one who said that I was the cause of this great destruction.” 

And, Ashoka vowed never to fight again in his life. As he said, he did not wage any wars for state expansions for occupations after that incident.

He converted to Buddhism and chose peace. 


He began to rule the kingdom with the goal of peace and harmony for the people’s welfare. He worked hard to spread Buddhism. He sent his son Mahendra and daughter Sangamitra to Sri Lanka and established a Buddhist monastery there. 

Buddhist Monastery

During his reign, Ashoka spread Buddhism throughout Asia. Ashoka began to give the wealth of his state treasury as a gift to the Buddhist Sangha.

Fearing that the empire would fall apart if this were not done, the Mauryan kingdom’s ministers refused to let Ashoka enter the treasury.

However, Ashoka began to donate his treasury. He provides medical care for humans and animals not only in his kingdom but also in other realms.

6. Stone Carvings in India

Ashoka introduced stone carvings in India after the Greeks

Stone Carvings of Ashoka

The buildings of the pre-Ashoka period were all made of materials like wood or bamboo.

However, Ashoka built his palace with the stone in Pataliputra, the Mauryan kingdom’s capital at that time.

download 3

Ashoka considered it a sin to kill or torture animals. It is killing animals that are useful or edible for us. Many birds have forbidden the killing of animals such as fish and bulls.

He also made it a rule not to kill animals under the age of six months. He also banned animals’ hunting by ordering them not to be killed during certain months like Chaturmasa and Upasana.

He built many veterinary dispensaries. He planted a few lakh trees on both sides of the road on the way to the streets.

Ashoka ruled the Mauryan Empire for about 36 years and died in 232 BC. Already his empire had spread all over India.

7. About Ashoka Chakra and the Indian National Emblem

Ashoka Chakra

 The Ashoka Chakra in the center of the Indian flag, dark blue with 24 petals, is taken from Ashoka’s life. This Ashoka Chakra is also known as the Dharma Chakra. However, these 24 petals represent the 24 wells in man. They are: 

1.   Love

2.   Courage

3.   Patience

4.   Peace

5.   Magnanimity

6.   Goodness

7.   Faith

8.   Gentleness

9.   Selflessness

10. Self-Control

11. Self Sacrifice

12. Truthfulness

13. Righteousness

14. Justice


16. Gracefulness

17. Humility

18. Loyal

19. Sympathy

20. Spiritual Knowledge

21. Forgiveness

22. Honesty

23. Eternity

24. Hope

Indian National Emblem

Our national symbol, the symbol of the three lions, is also taken from Ashoka’s life.

The symbol is found on the Ashoka Pillar at Sarnath in Uttar Pradesh, India.

Four lions stand one behind the other in Ashoka’s Lion Capital. Below these lions are the Ashoka Chakra, an elephant, and a horse.

 However, it is said that all these figures tell about the life of the Buddha.

The life of Ashoka, who transformed from bad to good, is ideal for all of us. There is no doubt that Ashoka’s experience as a great king in the History of India will be immortalized.

8. The Nine Unknown Men of Ashoka

The technology was used as the most advanced weapon in warfare at the time of Ashoka.

 Thinking that the world would be ruined if this technology fell into the hands of bad people, Ashoka hired nine people to compile a body of knowledge that has been accumulated for over 2,000 years. 

Those anonymous people are called The nine unknown men of Ashoka. Ashoka hired nine anonymous people, one for each department, to compile a body of knowledge explored for over 2,000 years.

 They have to preserve the books assigned to them and have to change them from time to time. These responsibilities should be handed over to their successors after them.

 But their descendants are still said to be serving in various fields around the world. Now let us find out the nine books handed over to those nine unknown people.

Please include attribution to with this graphic.

The Nine Unknown Men of Ashoka

Use This Short Code To Use This Infographic

<p><strong>Please include attribution to with this graphic.</strong><br /><br /><a href=’’><img src=’’ alt=’The Nine Unknown Men of Ashoka’ width=’1000′ border=’0′ /></a></p>


Let’s see what is there in those nine books:


1. Propaganda


Propaganda and Warfare. Capturing people with propaganda, that is, with words.

 Hypnotize mentally and physically without being taken by the weapon.

 It is said that whoever has this scripture can rule this world. 

2. Physiology


This is about physiology. This book explained how to kill the man by touching him with one finger. 

 This is known as a touch of death. Touching through the trick mentioned in this book will reverse their nervous impulse and cause them to die on the spot. 

However, Judo, now famous in Japan, has originated from a leak in the book.

3. Microbiology


The third book is all about Microbiology and Biotechnology

However, the river Ganga is very sacred to the Hindus. Millions of people bathe in this river every day, many of whom suffer from skin problems.

 No one has said that bathing in the river Ganga has caused skin problems so far, and the devotees’ belief that immersion in the river Ganga brings virtue.

 However, this is not only the sanctity of the river Ganga but also the fact that an anonymous person belonging to this section is said to have kept some unique, useful micro-organisms in a secret place.

 This is what we now call a sterilization process. 

However, some scientists who have researched the river Ganga have found Antibacterial and Bacteriophage in the river.

 It was concluded that they were not found in any other water as much as in these waters. And it is not clear whether this is a god’s craze or a mystery based on that scripture.

4. Alchemy


Alchemy means the transformation of metal. This book explains how to convert one metal to another.

 It is a marvelous science that converts iron into gold. In India, whenever the country is in a difficult situation due to droughts and natural calamities, then innumerable gold in temples is smoldering in hundis. 

And it is still a wonder who is donating all the gold.

 However, some strongly believe that one of these nine anonymous scoundrels will be dumped into the government coffers by various unknown sources when it is difficult.

5. Communication


Communication is a technology. It’s just like the phone we use now. 

However, the phone we use is limited to the earth. According to what is in this book, it is also known as how to communicate with aliens.

6. Gravity

g r a v i t y 976

This includes how to make airplanes

However, in Hindu mythology, airplanes existed a few thousand years ago. The Wright Brothers invented the plane in 1903.

 However, an aircraft found in Afghanistan in 2013 was found to be 5,000 years old.

7. Cosmology

space 4748908 1280

This is cosmology. The birth of the world is astronomy that tells about its consequences.

 This book is about how to move from one place to another in this universe and from one universe to another in an instant.

 Time travel is also available in this category.

8. Light


It is impossible to travel beyond the speed of light. 

However, the book also has the power to control the speed of light.

 Also, it can be used as a weapon to control the speed of light more or less.

9. Sociology


This is a social book. 

This book contains information on the rules and regulations required by society, guidelines for the organization’s development, etc.


The one thing you need to know, that’s to learn the good from any history and leave the bad.

That’s human nature. The same you should be noted in the History of Ashoka.

What would you like to implement in your life from the biography of Ashoka?

Please share with me in the comments.